"Single parent struggle"
For many years, children growing up in a single parent family have been viewed as different but nowadays the situation is different. Children of single parents can be just as progressive with emotional, social and behavioral skills as those with two parents.
Some people say that the only way for children to gain full emotional and behavioral skills is to be raised by both a mother and a father. There is an argument taken from the article by author Robert L. Maginnis : "Single-parent families cause juvenile crime". He states, "Children from single-parent families are more likely to have behavior problems because they tend to lack economic security and adequate time with parents". The statement that raw criminals are products of single-parent adolescence is absurd. It can be extremely difficult for one parent to raise a child by themselves for many reasons.
To be looked down on people must realize that single parents are becoming more common in today's world. Since 1995 the American family structure for children ages fourteen to eighteen consists of forty-two percent living in a first marriage family with both parents, twenty-two percent living in a second marriage step-family, twenty-one percent living in a single parent, divorced or separated family, six percent living in a single parent never married family and three percent living in a single parent widowed family. It is scary statistics. But that is not the only one problem. Parents who think they would never be able to provide emotional stability for their children by themselves should have taken the time to think this through before deciding to become parents.
Magginnis states that, "Boys who do not have fathers as male role models suffer especially". It is extremely important for a male child to have his father around, there are other ways of teaching a young boy the lessons he needs to become a man. The author of the essay tells about his own experience.
Children who are raised with both a mother and a father have more attention from both parents therefore they get the emotional time they need to progress in life. The author claims that it is true not in all circumstances. He provides an example of a family where parents always ague with each other. It harms child's psyche.
Not all families are lucky enough to have a healthy structure. It is important for society and government aids to notice these structural differences and take action. Government should support single-parent families.
Children from different kinds of families need guidance. Whichever family structure is implied it must be one of respect and strong moral values that they can someday pass on to their family.
Unformatted text preview: Polito 1 Chris Polito Paola Brown Eng102 25 March 2008 Single Parent Struggle For many years, children growing up in a single parent family have been viewed as different. Being raised by only one parent seems impossible to many yet over the decades it has become more prevalent. In today’s society many children have grown up to become emotionally stable and successful whether they had one or two parents to show them the rocky path that life bestows upon all human beings. The problem lies in the difference of children raised by single parents versus children raised by both a mother and a father. Does a child need both parents? Does a young boy need a father figure around? Does the government provide help for single parents? What role do step-parents and step-siblings play? With much speculation, this topic has become a very intriguing argument. What people must understand is that properly raising a child does not rely on the structure of a family but should be more focused on the process or values that are taught to these children as they learn to mature. Children of single parents can be just as progressive with emotional, social and behavioral skills as those with two parents. People claim that the only way for children to gain full emotional and behavioral skills is to be raised by both a mother and a father. When a topic such as this one has a broad amount of variables it is impossible to simply link these problems to only having one parent. In the article, “Single-parent families cause juvenile crime”, author Robert L. Maginnis states, “Children from single-parent families are more likely to have behaviour Polito 2 problems because they tend to lack economic security and adequate time with parents”. The simple statement that raw criminals are products of single-parent adolescence is absurd. What this writer must understand is that it can be extremely difficult for one parent to raise a child by themselves for many reasons. A single-parent must work full time to be able to afford to provide for themselves and their child. They must also be able to still have time to offer an exuberant amount of emotional time for the well being of their child. However, even though this may seem impossible, it can be done. As this subject continues to be looked down on people must realize that single parents are becoming more common in today’s world. Since 1995 the American family structure for children ages fourteen to eighteen consists of forty-two percent living in a first marriage family with both parents, twenty-two percent living in a second marriage step-family, twenty-one percent living in a single parent, divorced or separated family, six percent living in a single parent never married family and three percent living in a single parent widowed family. This is an extremely scary statistic considering that fiftyeight percent of children in America are living in a single parent family. This is a chilling percentage because it shows how little faith is put into a relationship before actually deciding to have children. Unfortunately not all single-parents take the time to perform the vital tasks needed to raise their children. Parents who think they would never be able to provide emotional stability for their children by themselves should have taken the time to think this through before deciding to become parents. Accidents may happen once in awhile but in most cases adults know what is at stake when planning to have a child. Plain and simple, if you’re not ready, than don’t do it. If you do decide to have this child Polito 3 and you love this child, then you can be a good parent. There are many ways to enhance the well being of your child if you simply apply yourselves as parents. Magginnis later states that, “Boys who do not have fathers as male role models suffer especially”. While it is extremely important for a male child to have his father around, there are other ways of teaching a young boy the lessons he needs to become a man. I know from personal experience that what the author of this article is trying to convey is wrong. I never had my father around while growing up and I did in fact have many positive male role models. My Grandfather was always there to help guide me as I slowly blossomed into a young man. Anytime my mother had to work to support us, my grandparents, aunt’s, uncles and cousins would step up and provide the time and attention I needed. Therefore, I had the best support group I could have had as a young man. Being a child with a single mother had its benefits. Although I came to find how hard it really was for her to always meet the needs of her child, she did the best job that she possibly could and gave me the knowledge that I needed to become a successful man without the guidance of my father. I did however have the experience of dealing with a step-parent. Today, twentyfive percent of all American children will spend at least some time of their growing-up years in a stepfamily. This seems fine for single parents because they feel like they can start over in a new relationship and receive help from their spouse both emotionally and financially. A step-parent can cause confusion and emotional stress on the child since they have just had to adjust to only one parent and now have to adjust to a new parental figure stepping into the family role. Another factor of bringing a step-parent into a single family’s life is new step-siblings to get along with. It might not be justified for a step Polito4 parent to punish their step-child like they would their own flesh and blood. As long as both parents have an understanding that their family comes first and that it is important to communicate between themselves and with the children, a step-family could survive. Children who are raised with both a mother and a father have more attention from both parents therefore they get the emotional time they need to progress in life. This could be true but not in all circumstances. It would not be beneficial at all to grow up in a two parent family who did nothing but argue and put each-other down. Naturally, a child who sees this from a very young age until they are ready to be out on their own would only follow in the footsteps of all that they have ever known. Children who are raised by one parent who devotes their time and emotion into their child would benefit much more than a child who has both parents showing them that fighting and arguing is acceptable. Not all families are lucky enough to have a healthy structure. It is important for society and government aids to notice these structural differences and take action. There should be government funded programs to help assist single-parent families with childcare and finances for parents who must work and still have time for their children. Whether it’s a mother and a father, a single mother, or a single father, children need guidance. They will only become a product of what they are taught from a young age and these children are deeply affected emotionally by the amount of love and compassion that is put into raising them. Whichever family structure is implied it must be one of respect and strong moral values that they can someday pass on to their family. Growth in Nursing Care Essay Example of a Argumentative essay on Health about: nursing / ambulatory care / patients / health Essay Topic: The studies on the growth of nursing productivity level and the contemporary demand on nursing. Essay Questions: Why is nursing considered to be a growing field of medicine? What role does nursing play in ambulatory patients care? What are the factors nursing productivity depend on? Thesis Statement: To provide professionals who can give special assistance to patients in areas related to their expertise. Their functions include addressing patient complaints, family concerns and working on different programs for the medical center in addition with providing on-call medical assistance to people Growth in Nursing Care Essay Introduction: Nursing has taking a big step now. And it’s growth shows that the number of people that get the necessary medical assistance grows too. Nursing is closely connected to ambulatory care. The main purpose of the ambulatory care is to provide ways of giving five star medical help to our patients. To provide professionals who can give special assistance to patients in areas related to their expertise. Their functions include addressing patient complaints, family concerns and working on different programs for the medical center in addition with providing on-call medical assistance to people. Ambulatory care starts at the moment the patient calls and gets a continuation in the hospital, where the patient continues getting medical assistance but on a regular base. Ambulatory care is an integral part of the work of medical establishments, because it is an express mean of communication between the nurse and the patient who is not well at home. There are millions of people who would have died without it. The effectiveness of the ambulatory care has grown a lot for the past 10 years. Another important fact is that there also has been noticed a growth of home care in USA. We consider home care to be a system of control in the first place over patients who always need medical nursing assistance and have no supervision. Home care agencies of various types have been providing high-quality, in-home services to Americans for more than a century. And that fact has decreased the death rate, especially among the elderly. There is a significant growth of the number of home health care workers. The county is in a big need for people with professional nursing education to take care of people who need medical help at home. Nurses do a great job in monitoring the home health care system. Several studies of nursing productivity reveal that nurses deliver an average of five visits per day. Nurses who specialize in pediatric care give average 3 visits per day, IV nurses average as many as other nurses. Home care is a cost-effective service, especially for individuals recuperating from a hospital stay but not only for the. It is also for those who, because of a functional or cognitive disability, are unable to take care of themselves. That is the main reason the medical field needs professional and effective nursing care. The best argument for home care is that it is a humane and compassionate way to deliver health care. In addition to that the fee paid per one home care visit will not be more than $150, in comparison with the cost a hospital charges per day – more then $3000. Even if a patient turns to a skilled nursing facility the charge will be significantly less than in the hospital - $500. Contemporary patients can chose the form of care from various places: nursing homes, residential health care facilities, assisted living residences, comprehensive personal care homes, adult day care, alternate family care and so on. The role of a nurse in taking care of patients is great. But he functional duties vary, depending on the kind care they are providing. Long-term care deals with providing a broad range of supportive medical, personal and social assistance needed by people who are not able to cope with their basic vital needs for a long period of time. The help is given systematically. The person’s troubles in dealing with his living needs may be caused by an accident, illness or frailty due to a cureless or hard to cure disease. The person’s frailty may include inability to avoid incontinence, move around, eat, bathe, dress, use a toilet, medicate and so on. Also long-term care deal with helping the disabled with household cleaning, preparing meals, shopping, paying bills, visiting the doctor, answering the phone and taking medications. Due to cognitive impairment from stroke, depression, dementia, Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and so on additional long-term care may be required. The functional duties of a nurse in long-term care are more specific and more related to the functional duties of a social worker. Other words they are more social then in home care. The major base of home care is medical assistance provided in a humane and compassionate way. The cost of long-term care is still high. There are also numerous low-cost or free State programs to help with home care but still the cost of a nursing home ranges from $30,000 to $80,000 per year. Home care can range from $12,000 to $50,000 per year. Statistics show that after paying for 1 year of longterm care, 72% of elderly Americans are impoverished. The Department of Social Services deals with reimbursement process and amounts for all care given. The capitated reimbursement rate varies on the term, kind of care given and the person’s eligibility for it. The same department makes the evaluation of the reimbursement. The Division of Family Services is connected with cash grants for people on long-term care. An aging population, longer life spans and a lack of nurses are factors that are straining the current system of care. But at the same time it may become the leading strength for its development. The reimbursement system has to become more flexible, due to the number of people with special illnesses, like dementia. Conclusion: Nursing care has developed mainly owing to the high level of professionalism demonstrated is the last couple of years. As nurses are indeed required professionals their duty is to focus on the kind of care they are giving. It especially concerns the people that have difficult and hard to cure diseases. They have to focus on the quality of the care they give. Their knowledge has to be narrower. Especially if it goes about a gerontological patient. The works of Janis Zalkalns would really help the studying nurses to find the right medical approach to the patient. The growth of home care indicates the growth of need of really professional nurses. The Government should make a bigger input into the development and spreading of the nursing programs among the youth. Title: Food to Die for Nutrition is a nourishing organic process by which an organism assimilates food and uses it for growth and maintenance. Good nutrition can help prevent disease and promote health. Consumption of important fruits and vegetables ensures lower level of mortality and reduces various degenerative diseases, for instance, cancer, cardiovascular disease, and immune dysfunction in several human cohorts. In addition to the vitamins and minerals found in fruits and vegetables, may contribute to these beneficially protective effects. Food is significant factor to the maintenance, development, functioning and reproduction of life. During lifetime an individual consumes 30 tons of food on average in seemingly endless dietary varieties. According to De Vries (1997), however, digestion splits all the foods found in all this variety of diets into the same basic nutrients.Food, therefore, is chemistry, and the mixture of chemicals that are represented and divided into four basic categories: (1) nutrients; (2) nonnutritive naturally occurring components (including antinutritives2 and natural toxins); (3) manmade contaminants; and (4) additives. At that, the nutrients account for more than 99.9% of the food contents. The main classes of nutrients are: carbohydrates, proteins, fats, and vitamins, and minerals. The constituents of food are called macronutrients and micronutrients. Macronutrients are the major sources of energy and building materials for humans, while micronutrients are only required in relatively small amounts. Micronutrients can be found in vitamins, minerals and trace elements, and are still required in sufficient amounts to ensure proper functioning of all body cells. In addition, micronutrients, like water, do not provide energy. The majority of macronutrients are essential nutrients for life processes, produced by human body itself. Therefore, these essential nutrients can be received only from the food we eat. Most importantly, macronutrients are constituent and indispensable ingredients of our diets, found in: carbohydrates, fat, protein, water (Wilson, 2005). There are various reasons set to analyze food products, the main are as follows: assessment of product quality, overall research and development, accordance with legal and labeling requirements, detection of adulteration, determination of nutritive value. Through the application of relevant analysis methods, we gain scientific data about chemical composition, physical properties and structure of food ingredients. Nutritionists therefore suggest several guidelines of healthy nutrition, for example: (1) Consuming various foods; (2) Consuming plenty of fruits; (3) Consuming food rich in fiber; (4) Consuming less alcohol Carbohydrates are the body’s main source of energy and should constitute the main ingredient of entire daily intake. In actual fact, there are two types of carbohydrates: simple carbohydrates, i.e., sugar and honey, and complex carbohydrates, i.e., grains, beans, peas or potatoes. Complex carbohydrates are more nourishing, yet, have fewer calories per gram compared to fat, and cause fewer problems with over-nutrition than fat or sugar. Additionally, diabetics prefer carbohydrates, since they allow better blood glucose control. Fat provides energy and transport nutrients. There are two types of fatty acids considered as essential for the human body: omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. These acids are required by the body to ensure normal functionality. At that, they are received from cold-water fish, or fish oil, and any other components that comprise omega-3 fatty acids, and black current seed oil, which comprise omega-6 fatty acids. For example, the typical American diet often includes surplus of omega-6 fatty acids and insufficient amount of omega-3 fats. The increased consumptions of omega-63 oils are highly recommended to decrease the risk of cardiovascular diseases, cancer etc. Proteins provide amino-acids to build and support healthy body tissue. In fact, there are 20 essential amino-acids, and therefore a body should be filled with all of them to function properly. Normally, the body produces twelve of these amino-acids; however, the other eight are the result of appropriate diet. Foods of animal origin such as milk or eggs often contain all these essential amino-acids, while a great number of plant products should be consumed in a certain combination to provide all these necessary protein components. Nutrition is deemed functional on condition that it beneficially influences various body functions. Functional foods mainly consist of vitamins and minerals normally consumed by humans. Overall, these additives are approved and recommended by most governments, and are well-known to everyone (Food Additives and Ingredients, 2007). To this end, Vitamins are components of organic origin present in food and necessary to our body. The most widely known vitamins are: A, B1, B2, and B3 (niacin), B5, B6, B7, B9, B12, C (ascorbic acid), D, E, and K. The B and C vitamins are soluble in water, while A, D, E, and K vitamins are fat-soluble, and accumulated in the body fat. In turn, minerals are important to our life because they are the main building blocks that create muscles, tissue, and bones. Additionally, they are significant components of many important life systems, in particular, hormones, oxygen transport, and enzyme systems. At that, there are two types of minerals: the main (macro) minerals and the trace minerals. A body in considerable amounts requires Main minerals. Particularly, main minerals include sodium, potassium, sulphur etc, required to build muscles, blood, nerve cells, teeth and bones. The main minerals and trace minerals are required in small amounts due to the fact that they are very significant to our body. These important minerals participate in the majority of chemical reactions run in a body. Additionally, they are important to produce hormones. Calcium is one another important mineral. More than 99% of calcium is stored in body, mainly in bones and teeth to keep them strong. The rest is stored in blood, muscles and cells. It is important to get calcium from the foods rich in it, including: milk, cheese and yogurt, green vegetables etc. Those of us who do not consume enough calcium should take calcium supplements. The exact amount of calcium depends on age and other factors; however, children and teenagers need more calcium compared to adults. Aged women need calcium to prevent osteoporosis, which weakens the bones that are likely to get broken. Half of women and men under 50 get their bones broken due to osteoporosis. Therefore, a diet rich in calcium and vitamin D keep bones strong. Weight issues have always influenced American society, involving health, psychological and socioemotional considerations. Too much weight, obesity, skinniness, on the other hand, is those pressures that trouble every American since they include certain abnormalities at the time when everyone strives to achieve perfect shape (Izquierdo, 2005). Well-balanced diet provides energy and nourishment necessary to survive, and therefore to be healthy and in good shape it is important to provide our body with all the necessary resources and fuels to be in good condition (Lysol, 2006). Hence, an unhealthy diet and physical inactivity can increase your chances of getting heart disease, cancer, stroke, type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, breathing problems, arthritis, gallbladder disease, and osteoarthritis (HHS 1). According to the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS, 2006), “40 percent of the American family food budget is spent away from home in restaurants, on fast food and on meals bought through food services” (Izquierdo, 2005). Considering the results of Harris Interactive poll (2004), a huge majority (83%) of the public blames the increase on not enough exercise, and only 34 percent of surveyed Americans chose caloric consumption as a major reason why obesity has increased. ...
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