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Missions In California Essay Workbook

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Franciscan Web Page
http://www.franciscan-archive.org/
The Franciscan Web Page provides comprehensive information about the order, its history and current activities, colleges and universities, a tour of Assisi, and other interesting information.

Arizona Guide
http://www.arizonaguide.com/
The official Web site of the Arizona Office of Tourism provides information on topics ranging from city weather reports to Arizona's deserts, trails, mountains, and waterways.

The Five Spanish Missions of San Antonio
http://www.lsjunction.com/facts/missions.htm
Descriptions and very good photographs of the five Spanish missions in San Antonio, Texas, including San Antonio de Valero, the Alamo.

San Antonio Missions National Historic Park
http://www.nps.gov/saan/
The National Park Service provides very good information, history, and illustrations of the individual missions as well as information about visiting the park.

NAA: Hotlinks to Newspapers Online
http://www.newspaperlinks.com/home.cfm
Newspaper Association of America offers a gateway to news media Web sites, including U.S. dailies (searchable by state), Canadian newspapers, selected international press, weeklies, agencies and associations, business papers, and alternative press.

Vote Smart Web
http://www.vote-smart.org/index.htm
The interactive map of the United States leads to detailed information on each state's elected officials, politics, and elections. Includes local voter registration information. Check "Issue Links" for political and social sources on the Web.

California Maps
http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/california.html
Part of the Perry-Castaneda Library Map Collection at the University of Texas at Austin, these pages present maps of California and several cities within the state. Topographical, geological, historical, and other maps are included.

California Division of Tourism
http://gocalif.ca.gov/
Home page of the California Division of Tourism offers guidelines to visitors, including maps, weather information, and a searchable database.

State and Local Government on the Net: California
http://www.statelocalgov.net/state-ca.cfm
Connections to official state, county, city government pages.

California State Home Page
http://www.state.ca.us/state/portal/myca_homepage.jsp
Official home page of the state of California provides useful links to a host of related sites, including California government Internet servers; a guide to official agencies and laws; and historical, cultural, and economic information.

Tools for Teaching at Links to the Past
http://www.nature.nps.gov/
Site maintained by the National Parks Service offers a wealth of information for teachers interested in archaeology, ethnography, history, and more. Includes lesson plans, chronologies, and guides to classroom resources and programs. Grades 1–12 and up.

U.S. Gazetteer
http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/gazetteer
The U.S. Gazetteer is the search engine for the U.S. Census Bureau database. Enter the name of a town or county and the search results will yield census information and access to the Tiger Map Server.

National League of Cities
http://www.nlc.org/
Page describes activities of the organization, the municipal leagues that it sponsors, and provides connections to a wide variety of city, state, federal government, public policy, and political resources on the Internet.

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Architecture Of The California Missions Essay

1434 Words6 Pages

The Architectural History of the California Missions
(1769-1823)

You may already know that there are 21 missions today in the state of California. Starting in San Diego all the way past San Francisco, the missions remind us of an earlier time when the Spanish were colonizing Alta California. The California missions were started because the Spanish king wanted to create permanent settlements in the area of the New World called Alta California. The decision to create Spanish missions in California was political as well as religious. The Spanish government wanted to gain control in California before the Russians did. They also wanted to spread Christianity among the Native Americans (Johnson, page 5). Most of today's missions are…show more content…

The patio was one of the most important structures of missions; they were usually in the shape of a square, even though they were almost never a perfect square because they did not have the right tools to measure so they would measure the dimensions by foot. They would use this location to have religious celebrations, and other festivities; they would also use it as a refuge in case of attacks. Generally the basic elements found in the California missions are as follow: A patio with a fountain or a garden, solid walls, buttresses, arched corridors, curved or pedimented gables, terraced bell towers or bell wall, wide projecting eaves, broad underdecorated wall surfaces, and low sloping tile roofs (Newcomb, page ix). Every element of the mission had its purpose for example the patio had many uses like I explained earlier, and the buttresses were used as a support for the walls (Johnson, page 50). When missions were being started the materials were hard to be imported, this forced the fathers to make use of simple building materials and methods in the construction of mission structures. They had to obtain the materials that they needed from the land around them. Five basic materials were used in the construction of the missions: adobe, timber, stone, brick, and tile (Baer, page 42). For the walls they would usually use adobe. Adobe was made from a combination of soil and water, with chaff, straw, or manure so

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