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Marigolds Argumentative Essay Template


Pre-AP 9th Grade English Language Arts 



*Important Documents


Syllabus - Pre-AP 9th Grade ELA 


MLA 2016 Easy Access Guide 



SpringBoard Textbook Units




*Daily Log 2017-2018





3/5/18 - 3/8/18

  • Mon. 3/5 - review chapters 7 and 8 / "Analyzing Boo"
  • Tues. 3/6 - read chapter 9 / themes
  • Weds. 3/7 - practice with themes
  • Thurs. 3/8 - read chapter 10 & 11


2/26/18 - 3/2/18

  • To Kill a Mockingbird chapters 1-8
  • character, context, and setting organizer
  • reading questions - emphasis on textual evidence

Due Monday 3/5 - Read chapter 8 and summarize the chapter with at least 5 key points


2/20/18 - 2/23/18

  • Start reading To Kill a Mockingbird 


2/12/18 - 2/16/18

  • Monday - Wednesday: Gather sources, make presentation, practice presenting
  • Thursday - Friday: Presentations


2/5/18 - 2/9/18

  • Monday: King, Jr. "Letter from Birmingham Jail" + SOAPSTone
  • Tuesday: Finish SOAPSTone + "Civil Rights Timeline"
  • Wednesday: Writing Prompt
  • Thursday: Context research project + annotated bibliography
  • Friday: Research sources


1/29/18 - 2/2/18

Context work for To Kill a Mockingbird

  • Monday: Unit 3 vocabulary
  • Tuesday: Context lesson 
  • Wednesday: Jim Crow Laws (part 1)
  • Thursday: Jim Crow Laws (part 2)
  • Friday: Library for Emmett Till lesson


1/22/18 - 1/26/18

  • 1st semester summative: Synthesis essay
    • "Is Shakespeare Still Relevant?"


1/16/18 - 1/19/18

  • Tuesday: Shakespeare in the Modern Age
  • Wednesday: Global Influence
  • Thursday: Text Jigsaw - expert groups
  • Friday: Text Jigsaw - jigsaw groups


1/8/18 - 1/12/18

  • Monday: Review Romeo and Juliet
  • Tuesday: Formative Assessment #4 for figurative language
  • Wednesday: Theme lesson
  • Thursday: Choose monologue and pre-write
  • Friday: Shakespeare Summative #1: Analyze figurative language and theme in a monologue


12/18/17 - 12/22/17

  • Monday: Read Romeo and Juliet Act 4
  • Tuesday: Formative Assessment #3 for figurative language
  • Wednesday - Friday: Read Romeo and Juliet Act 5


12/11/17 - 12/15/17

  • Monday: Finish Act 1 / Pass back and discuss figurative language formative #1
  • Tuesday: Formative Assessment #2 for figurative language
  • Wednesday - Friday: Read Romeo and Juliet Act 2 & 3 / Character sketches 


12/4/17 - 12/8/17

  • Monday: get Romeo and Juliet from the library / read through the prologue
  • Tuesday: Formative Assessment #1 for figurative language
  • Wednesday - Friday: Read Romeo and Juliet Act 1 


11/27/17 - 12/1/17


11/13/17 - 11/22/17


Extra Unit Resources:

EA 1.2 Argumentative Essay: Is College Worth It?

EA 1.2 Argumentative Essay - Basic Outline (this is ONE option!!)

How to cite your sources in MLA format

Citing your textbook in MLA on your Works Cited page:

LastName, FirstName. "Title of Text." SpringBoard English Language Arts Grade 10. College Board, 2018

Purdue OWL

Video Sources w/ citations in MLA format:

John Green "Is College Worth It?"

Green, John. "Is College Worth It?" YouTube. Vlogbrothers21 August 2012. Web. 10 Accessed 10 October 2017. (transcript)

John Stossel "College is a Ripoff"

Stossel, John. "ABC 20/20 - College is a Ripoff." YouTube. YouTube. 17 January 2009. Accessed 10 October 2017.

Mike Rowe "Don't Follow Your Passion"

Rowe, Mike. "Don't Follow Your Passion." YouTube. PragerU. 6 June 2016. Accessed 10 October 2017.

College Board "5 Ways Ed Pays"

“College Board's Five Ways Ed Pays.” YouTube. The College Board. 28 November 2011. Accessed 10 October 2107.



11/6/17 - 11/9/17

  • Argument Unit
  • Introduction to SOAPSTone
  • Rhetorical Appeals & Targeting Audience
  • Read and analyze arguments


10/30/17 - 11/3/17


10/23/17 - 10/27/17

  • Interview Narrative due @ start of class on Tuesday, 10/24
  • LAST book club on Wednesday, 10/25
  • Vocabulary Practice: click here!


10/16/17 - 10/20/17

  • Review assignment & view exemplar
  • Transforming the Transcript
  • Lit Circles
  • Workshop time to write your narrative
    • Interview complete by: Thursday, October 19th, start of class
    • Narrative due: Tuesday, October 24th, start of class
  • Reminders for Interview Narrative


10/9/17 - 10/12/17

  • Learning How to Interview
  • Conversations with Characters
  • Lit Circles
  • Introduction to Interview Narrative Summative Assessment
    • Interview complete by: Thursday, October 19th, start of class
    • Narrative due: Tuesday, October 24th, start of class


10/2/17 - 10/6/17

  • Review "Marigolds" essay
  • Lit Circles


9/25/17 - 9/29/17


9/18/17 - 9/22/17

  • Coming of Age 
  • Metaphor notes
  • Parallel structure (instruction and quiz)
  • Preview lit circles


9/11/17 - 9/15/17

  • Double-entry notes
  • Annotating
  • From "Speak"
  • Voice 


9/5/17 - 9/8/17

  • Classroom Norms
  • Elements of English Class
  • SpringBoard textbooks / "Unpack" EA #1
  • Frayer Models (vocabulary)


8/31/17 - 9/1/17

  • "Who Are We?"
  • "What Is Our Focus?"



Definition of Evidence

Evidence is a type of literary device that appears in different categories of essays and theses, in the form of paraphrase and quotations. It is presented to persuade readers, and used with powerful arguments in the texts or essays.

It is factual information that helps the reader reach a conclusion and form an opinion about something. Evidence is given in research work, or is quoted in essays and thesis statements, but is paraphrased by the writer. If it is given as it is, then it is quoted properly within quotation marks.

In rhetoric, when a person makes a claim or presents an argument, he needs to present evidence in support of his claim or argument, in order to establish the veracity of his statements. If there is no evidence, the claim stands quashed. The same is true with a case in law, where a case or litigation is quashed if there is no evidence to support the claim. However, literary evidence is only used in literature, essays, and research papers for persuasion and convincing purposes.

Examples of Evidence in Literature

Example #1: The Bluest Eye (By Tony Morrison)

“I talk about how I did not plant the seeds too deeply, how it was the fault of the earth, our land, our town. I even think now that the land of the entire country was hostile to marigolds that year. This soil is bad for certain kinds of flowers. Certain seeds it will not nurture, certain fruit it will not bear, and when the land kills of its own volition, we acquiesce and say the victim had no right to live.”

Morrison evidently analyzes the environment, as it has powerful effects on people. She provides strong evidence that that the Earth itself is not fertile for the marigold seeds. Likewise, people also cannot survive in an unfriendly environment.

Example #2: The Color of Water Juliet (By James McBride)

” ‘…while she weebled and wobbled and leaned, she did not fall. She responded with speed and motion. She would not stop moving.’ As she biked, walked, rode the bus all over the city, ‘she kept moving as if her life depended on it, which in some ways it did. She ran, as she had done most of her life, but this time she was running for her own sanity.’ “

McBride supports his arguments and understanding of a mother as an individual who keeps moving in her life and does not stop to think about what is happening and why something is happening. Since the movement offers a solution, which though temporary, preserves her sanity.

Example #3: Educational Paragraph (By Anonymous)

An effective use of evidence in a quotation:

“Today, Americans are too self-centered. Even our families don’t matter as much anymore as they once did. Other people and activities take precedence. In fact, the evidence shows that most American families no longer eat together, preferring instead to eat on the go while rushing to the next appointment (Gleick 148). Sit-down meals are time to share and connect with others; however, that connection has become less valued, as families begin to prize individual activities over shared time, promoting self-centeredness over group identity.”

This is a best example of evidence, since the evidence is effectively incorporated into the text, as the author makes the link between her claim (question) and the evidence (logic), which is powerful.

Function of Evidence

When writing something about literature, or writing about a particular text, a writer needs to strengthen his discussion by providing powerful answers from the text as evidence of the questions he raises. It is not enough to just simply drop in quotations around the text and expect their relevance and importance of his arguments to be self-evident.

The fact is that simply making a claim and making an argument does nothing to convince the audience. The audience will only believe what the writer or the speaker has to say if he proffers strong evidence to back up his arguments. Therefore, evidence not only helps the writer convince his readers, but also persuades them to feel sympathy, or to support his argument. Mostly political speakers, research writers, and editorial writers use evidence extensively to turn public opinion for or against some issue.